The pressure on India to allow the e-commerce sector to be a part of the proposed Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership (RCEP) pact is set to … By JYOTI PANDAY. Though the RCEP negotiations are in the 19th round the WGEC has had nine meetings so far. IASbhai Editorial Hunt is an initiative to dilute major Editorials of leading Newspapers in India which are most relevant to UPSC preparation –‘THE HINDU, LIVEMINT , INDIAN EXPRESS’ and help millions of readers who find difficulty in answer writing and making notes everyday. Alibaba's leading e-commerce platform Tmall International told the Global Times that in the short term, the RCEP will not make a big impact on China's cross-border e-commerce. . Here we choose two editorials on daily basis and analyse them with respect to UPSC MAINS 2020-21. According to estimates if the RCEP is implemented it would bring large income gains to not only Asia but the world economy. India has expressed its concerns over lowering and elimination of tariffs on products from other countries, as it would negatively affect the domestic agricultural and industrial sector. Although the text remains secret, the e-commerce chapter is believed to be shorter and less detailed than the chapters on goods and services. Correction (Jul 27, 2020, 1700h Pacific): an earlier version of this article erroneously stated that Canada used the USMCA to update its rules on TPMs; while there were proposed rule changes, they were not adopted. Different national contexts and agendas are guiding the negotiating parties and their strategies with regards to e-commerce. Though the RCEP negotiations are in the 19th round the WGEC has had nine meetings so far. It also makes up 29% of world trade and 26% of world FDI inflows. Daily Current Affairs for UPSC CSE Topics Covered RCEP e commerce chapter Cynaide Elatocaloric effect How Oxygen levels affect cell metabolism Plogging Sister State Relations, Nobel Peace Award, Quilombola, Organic Farming and Butterfly diversity, Milansen, HongQI, Alexei Leonov 1 . Monthly Current Affairs Digest, Yearly Prelims inFocus, Section Wise Current Affairs Modules, Facts, Data etc. The most recent of these interventions was a panel on 'Trade Rules for the Digital Economy: Asia's Agreement at the WTO and RCEP' at Asia Pacific regional Internet Governance Forum (APrIGF) which took place in Bangkok from 26-29 July, 2017. India’s Best Online Website for UPSC IAS Exam Preparation. The RCEP’s chapter 12 on electronic commerce is a good harbinger of the kind of agreement (should there be one) that we can expect from the JSI. The seventh round of RCEP negotiation was held on 9–13 February 2015 in Bangkok, Thailand. The e-commerce chapter contains clauses that, if India had agreed to them, would have prevented it from implementing data localisation rules on companies doing business in India. Over the past month, trade officials of the ASEAN group of countries and its six biggest trading partners have been frantically working to finalize the Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership (RCEP). Professor Peng Hwa, Nanyang Technological University drew upon the important linkages between trade and Internet governance. The Asian Trade Centre (based in Singapore) submitted a proposal regarding an e-Commerce chapter and gave a … Ms Duangthip Chomprang, Director for Regional Cooperation and Assistance at the International Institute for Trade and Development pointed out key factors behind regional efforts to push ICT issues through trade. The RCEP negotiation process had started in 2013 and is unlikely to be concluded by the end of 2016. Complicating the work of WGEC are traditional segregations of areas such as goods and services which are not as easy to import in the digital context. Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership – RCEP. Problems for India: India is still stuck in the IT realities of yesterday. To address the lack of public inputs and facilitate engagement between RCEP negotiators and affected stakeholders EFF has been organising a series of interventions. While many hurdles remain unresolved for India, the e-commerce chapter which is … India’s hopes for retaining the right to implement data localisation laws remain alive as Indian negotiators on Thursday declined to agree to the e-commerce chapter of the Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership (RCEP) agreement. For example, rules on electronic transmissions and goods are negotiated separately in trade agreements. A new set of policy rules had been formed for the e-commerce companies. Given how nascent most issues related to digital economy are, there is need for continued dialogue and a measured approach to developing consensus based global rules. These concerns reflect in India’s reluctance in accepting the e-commerce chapter in RCEP trade agreement. A team of Dedicated Mentors are at work to help you through Revision, Current Affairs, Test Series, Standard Notes to ace Your Dream to became an IAS ! He highlighted the tensions between push for technologies such as blockchain and smart contracts and inclusion of text in trade agreements that seek "mutual recognition" and compliance with "international standards". Chapter 12 Electronic Commerce Chapter 13 Competition Annex 13A (Application of Article 13.3 ... of the RCEP Joint Committee) Chapter 19 Dispute Settlement . While the e-commerce chapter has some clauses that affect data localisation, India has been trying to water these down. Nonetheless EFF will continue to maintain a close eye on e-commerce developments in the RCEP, and continue to advocate for better transparency and public access to the negotiations. Provisions on electronic transmission and services could impact the regulation of 3D printing technologies which are expected to shape the future of medical ecosystem in developing and less developed nations. Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership RCEP is the proposed mega-regional Free Trade Agreement (FTA) between 16 Asia-Pacific countries. There are several other aspects to the RCEP agreement which include investments and e-commerce that are of major concern as well. First, almost 70% of all global preferential trade agreements are in the Asia Pacific region, and there has also been a steady decoupling between developed and developing countries of the region. Thanks, you're awesome! (TPP), the latest information we have from the negotiating room is that the e-commerce chapter of RCEP will be far less ambitious, dealing mostly with familiar and uncontentious issues such as standards for electronic payments and signatures. Rajnesh Singh, Director Asia Pacific Regional Bureau Internet Society highlighted the challenges that trade committees and negotiators face - from uneven representation of nations, and resources to varying interpretation of the same issue. India is on a threshold of a digital society. The deal includes 2.1 billion people, with RCEP’s members accounting for … The RCEP e-commerce chapter is not enforceable by state-state dispute settlement (Article 17). However there is no consensus on how to treat electronic transmissions that transform into goods. The discussions kicked off with an overview developments in global trade including shelving of large agreements such as TPP and TISA, the rise of regional treaties such as the NAFTA and RCEP and recent developments at the World Trade Organisation (WTO). Although the text remains secret, the e-commerce chapter is believed to be shorter and less detailed than the chapters on goods and services. While there is a long way to go in improving transparency of the RCEP negotiations it was encouraging to have Mr Akhuputra, Chair the Working Group on e-Commerce (WGEC) to provide insights both into the process and the challenges of including as yet unresolved technological issues. This has created the political will to push for provisions on the digital economy. RCEP will also reduce the overlapping between Asian FTAs. It includes India, China, Japan, South Korea, Australia, New Zealand and the 10-member ASEAN bloc. You can watch the full video of the discussions in our workshop here: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=dpFsJjWaeB4&t=744s, Human Rights and TPMs: Lessons from 22 Years of the U.S. DMCA. India and RCEP Context: 15 countries … We have also been pushing negotiating countries to open up the trade processes in order to bring them into closer alignment with the Internet community’s norms of open, multi-stakeholder governance. Given these issues, the discussion of the e-commerce chapter on RCEP should have been stopped until the problems have a solution. Oops something is broken right now, please try again later. RCEP e-commerce chapter text. Cross-border e-commerce mainly center on consumer goods, instead of the bulk commodity and raw materials that the RCEP will do the most for, Tmall said. The text is important, as RCEP is one of two major mega-regional negotiations to be concluded since the Trans-Pacific Partnership Agreement (TPPA), which has been promoted as the template for new global rules on digital trade. Rules and text included will be broad enough to factor for the development gaps between participating countries. While the e-commerce chapter has some clauses that affect data localisation, India has been trying to water these down. The push to regulate cross-border e-commerce underlines the need for concerted effort from civil society, academia and the technical community to ensure user rights are being inserted in these agreements. Mr Akhuputra suggested that the next round in South Korea may be the final meeting of the e-commerce negotiators. While there is little public information on e-commerce provisions in the RCEP, issues included in the TPP as well as industry demands serve as reference for Internet governance areas that could be included. An expert group on electronic commerce met during this round. For Prelims and Mains: New e-commerce policy- facts, significance, concerns and the way ahead. Unfortunately, at this late stage of negotiations and amidst intensifying pressure to conclude the agreement the opportunities for broad and meaningful public participation in the RCEP process remain limited. The annexe on financial services, already agreed upon by all the RCEP countries, says that the domestic laws of a country regarding keeping financial data within a country supersede the RCEP agreement. The Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership (RCEP) is a proposed free trade agreement (FTA) between the ten member states of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) (Brunei, Cambodia, Indonesia, Laos, Malaysia, Myanmar, the Philippines, Singapore, Thailand, Vietnam) and its six FTA partners (Australia, China, India, Japan, New Zealand and Republic of Korea). Simplified I To The Point I Lucid, All Important Environment Conventions, Organisations, Reports and Terms, Copyright@IAS Abhiyan-2020 I All Rights Reserved. You can watch the full video of the discussions in our workshop here: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=dpFsJjWaeB4&t=744s. EFF has been. The most recent of these interventions was a panel on 'Trade Rules for the Digital Economy: Asia's Agreement at the WTO and RCEP' at Asia Pacific regional Internet Governance Forum (APrIGF) which took place in Bangkok from 26-29 July, 2017. Even though these details are just emerging, it may already be too late for civil society to influence the drafting of specific provisions as the WGEC is attempting to freeze the text. Prelims Current Affairs Crash Course-2021, All India Radio News Analysis for UPSC IAS Examination. Please check your email for a confirmation link. The section on transfers of information and processing of information says that “a party shall not take measures that prevent transfers of information, including transfers of data by electronic or other means, necessary for the conduct of the ordinary business of a financial service supplier.”, However, the same section also says that “nothing in paragraph 2 [the paragraph containing the previous clause] prevents a regulator of a party for regulatory or prudential reasons from requiring a financial service supplier to comply with domestic regulation in relation to data management and storage and system maintenance, as well as to retain within its territory copies of records.”. Your One-Stop Solution for All round UPSC Civil Service Exam Preparations. A provision likely to make an appearance, since it is included in more than 40% of the 90 trade agreements that are active in the region, covers paperless trade. We organised a panel on Intellectual Property at the 18th Round in Manila, Philippines and another at the recently concluded 19th round in Hyderabad, India focusing on e-commerce issues. E-commerce RCEP chapter: Have big tech’s demands fizzled? It was launched in 2012. through the active dissemination of provisions related to digital economy being discussed or included in the RCEP. The Electronic Commerce chapter of the Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership (RCEP) has become available. The proposed FTA aims … However, there remains a small chance that the Trade Negotiating Committee may decide to extend negotiations or open up specific issues. For now it seems that the e-commerce chapter is going to be less ambitious and contentious than that of the TPP. India has declined to agree to the e-commerce chapter of the Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership (RCEP) agreement. This is because it showcases what China, the RCEP’s dominant member state, is willing to accept in terms of e-commerce… Post-Mortem of Asia-Pacific regional IGF Panel Discussing Trade Rules, Despite countries such as Japan, Korea, Australia, and New Zealand pushing for a detailed chapter on e-commerce based on the model of the. 2 The RCEP’s objective is to reduce/eliminate tariffs on most goods, liberalise investment norms and trade in services, boost economic and technical co-operation, strengthen intellectual property, besides including provisions on dispute settlement and competition and covering issues such as e-commerce. Mr Akhuputra suggested that the next round in South Korea may be the final meeting of the e-commerce negotiators. UPSC Current Affairs E-commerce - An Insight, know more about Issues in News for UPSC Current Affairs and IAS Exam and UPSC Exam 2016 visit BYJU's. On the Road to Victory for Human Rights in Mexico! In addition, the e-commerce chapter also has not discussed the mechanism of digital product transactions and payments that harm almost all member countries and vice versa only provide benefits to certain companies. In 1998, Bill Clinton signed the Digital Millennium Copyright Act (DMCA), a sweeping overhaul of U.S. copyright law notionally designed to update the system for the digital era. RCEP is a Free Trade Agreement between the ten member states of the ASEAN – Association of Southeast Asian Nations namely Cambodia, Indonesia, Brunei, Laos, Malaysia, Vietnam, the Philippines, Myanmar, Singapore, Thailand and its five partners (China, South Korea, Australia, Japan, and New Zealand). India’s hopes for retaining the right to implement data localisation laws remain alive as Indian negotiators on Thursday declined to agree to the e-commerce chapter of the Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership (RCEP) agreement. This will displease big tech companies that had hoped that RCEP would include rules on cutting-edge (but more contentious) topics like forced data localization. The RCEP member countries represent 49% of the world’s population and account for 30% of world GDP. Earlier this month, Mexico's Congress hastily imported most of the US copyright system into Mexican law, in a dangerous and ill-considered act. Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership (RCEP) is a proposed free trade agreement (FTA) between the countries of Association of South East Asian Nations (ASEAN) namely Brunei, Cambodia, Indonesia, Laos, Malaysia, Myanmar, the Philippines, Singapore, Thailand, Vietnam and the six states with which … Data localization rules (such as rules requiring data about local users to be stored on servers within the country) would increase costs for tech companies and raise entry barriers for small competitors. Australia is one of 15 Indo-Pacific countries committed to … The e-commerce chapter contains clauses that, if India had agreed to them, would have prevented it from implementing data localisation rules on companies doing business in India. In well-deserved recognition of her digital rights and privacy work around the globe, EFF International Rights Director Katitza Rodríguez was named by CNET as one of the most influential Latinos in technology this year.We’re delighted to see Katitza celebrated for her many years of advocacy on... Certain reports and publications from U.S. government agencies, such as those of the Congressional Research Service, have become important reference works due to their reputation for being relatively in-depth, up to date, and factual. More than 1000 of Important Static and Current Affairs Topics. Twenty-five-year-old Miao Yujie said he was greatly cheered by the inking of the Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership (RCEP) on the weekend, because his e-commerce … Chapter 10 on e-commerce - If India agrees to the provisions of this chapter, as specified by most of the other countries, it will mean it won’t be allowed to impose data localization rules on companies looking to do business in India. Context: India’s new e-commerce policy came into effect on February 1, 2019. Context: In the recently held Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership (RCEP) Summit in Thailand, India decided not to finalize the RCEP trade deal. RCEP is considered as an alternative to Trans-Pacific Partnership (TPP). LEARN MORE ABOUT US, AND HOW YOU CAN HELP. About the Issue. The 16-member Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership (RCEP) bloc aims to cover among the issues related to goods, services, investments, economic and technical cooperation, competition and intellectual property rights. The United States Trade Representative's (USTR) Special 301 Report [PDF], the latest annual edition... EFF TURNS 30! Any agreement to allow enforcement in the future, during what is understood to be a five-yearly general review, will only bind those RCEP Parties that agree. Second an important, if often overlooked linkage is between the United Nations’ Sustainable Development Goals (SDG) which includes provisions to ensure trade and commerce agreements contribute to the achievement of these goals. Notify me of follow-up comments by email. Post-Mortem of Asia-Pacific regional IGF Panel Discussing Trade Rules Over the past month, trade officials of the ASEAN group of countries and its six biggest trading partners have been frantically working to finalize the Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership (RCEP). EFF’s position is that although data localization is rarely justified, if rules prohibiting it are to be included in trade agreements, it is essential that each country has adequate privacy and data protection laws to protect their citizens’ data. New rules on IP rights and e-commerce to be set under RCEP free trade agreement. So far, text specific to e-commerce have not been made publicly available and the leaked Terms of Reference for the Working Group on ecommerce (WGEC) is the only reference to what issues could make an appearance in the RCEP. EFF has been advocating for transparency in trade through the active dissemination of provisions related to digital economy being discussed or included in the RCEP. 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What is RCEP? To address the lack of public inputs and facilitate engagement between RCEP negotiators and affected stakeholders EFF has been organising a series of interventions. On 4 November 2019 15 of the 16 Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership (RCEP) Participating Countries concluded text–based negotiations for the RCEP … Despite countries such as Japan, Korea, Australia, and New Zealand pushing for a detailed chapter on e-commerce based on the model of the Trans-Pacific Partnership (TPP), the latest information we have from the negotiating room is that the e-commerce chapter of RCEP will be far less ambitious, dealing mostly with familiar and uncontentious issues such as standards for electronic payments and signatures. India has agreed to the investment chapter of the RCEP agreement, which would mean that the government can no longer mandate that a company investing in India must also transfer technology to its Indian partners. 1) E- commerce: Placing great limitation on digital policy making by any country in the name of promoting E-commerce. Read also: Important differences between the final RCEP electronic commerce chapter and the TPPA and lessons for e-commerce in the WTO. This would go against the RBI’s norms on the localisation of payments data that it had ordered in April 2018. Email updates on news, actions, events in your area, and more. INTERNATIONAL/ ECONOMY Topic: General Studies 2, 3: Bilateral, regional and global groupings and agreements involving India and/or affecting India’s interests Indian Economy and issues relating to planning, mobilization, of resources, growth, development and employment. New e-commerce policy comes into effect What to study? Expected to be ratified later this year, the RCEP is the largest mega-regional trade treaty currently being negotiated, and the first to include norms and rules on e-commerce. Provisions for the use of international standards for paperless trade would apply to electronic authentication, e-signatures and e-documents. Post-Mortem of Asia-Pacific regional IGF Panel Discussing Trade Rules. We, organised a panel on Intellectual Property, at the 18th Round in Manila, Philippines and another at the recently concluded 19th round in Hyderabad, India. This basically means that India cannot be prevented from asking financial companies to maintain a copy of their data within India, but it is unclear still whether India can mandate that such data must only reside within the country. We are far from seeing which concerns have been addressed or what the final text will look like, but the contours of RCEP on e-commerce are beginning to materialise. But some countries favor these rules because it allows them to subject overseas platforms to local privacy regulations, or for more sinister reasons such as making the servers more easily accessible to local surveillance programs.
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